The anthers are dorsifixed or versatile. The Plants Database includes the following 4 species of Hippeastrum . For more multimedia, look at Hippeastrum reginae on Wikimedia Commons . [2], Described by Carl Linnaeus in 1759, as Amaryllis reginae, it was the type species for the genus. Amaryllis striata var. Hippeastrum … In temperate climes these can be placed outside in the summer, and after a dormancy period, be induced to rebloom inside in the winter. The plant's leaves should continue to grow after the flowers have faded. Hippeastrum reginae (HPSRG) Menu. Single, double, and miniature bulbs are the ones typically sold by nurseries and other stores for the holidays in December and for Valentine's Day and Easter. [52] Brazil also produces 17 million Hippeastrum bulbs annually. [70], Twin scales An Hippeastrum reginae in uska species han Liliopsida nga syahan ginhulagway ni Carl von Linné, ngan ginhatag han pagkayana nga asya nga ngaran ni Herb..An Hippeastrum reginae in nahilalakip ha genus nga Hippeastrum, ngan familia nga Amaryllidaceae. The Veitch nursery dominated the commercial development of Hippeastrum leopoldii and other varieties up to the early years of the twentieth century, the best of their hybrids setting the standard for modern commercial development. For instance in the 1870s and 1880s John Gilbert Baker considerably reorganised Hippeastrum. Bulbs are usually sold in fall for early winter bloom. In 1819 Herbert had proposed Leopoldia as a nomen provisorium (provisional name)[13] for the same taxon as he called Hippeastrum in 1821. Hippeastrum petiolatum is a flowering perennial herbaceous bulbous plant, in the family Amaryllidaceae, native to Venezuela, Bolivia, Peru and Brazil. Hippeastrum bulbs can be induced to rebloom yearly by mimicking the conditions in its natural environment (cool dry winters). gave rise to H. x johnsonii hort.. H. gracilis (not a valid name) is also used.. H. 'Red Lion' most popular cut flower cultivar Hippeastrum reginae (L.) Herb. [35] The Latin word equestris (of a knight, or horseman) may have been confused with equi (of a horse), or possibly Herbert was making a literary knight's move on the Linnaean term. [65] The genus has a degree of interspecies intercompatibility allowing crossing. [64], Species are generally diploid with 2n=22 chromosomes, but some species, such as Hippeastrum iguazuanum, have 24. Dutch bulbs usually produce flowers first, then, after they have finished blooming (hysteranthous), the plant will begin growing leaves. Hippeastrum angustifolium is an example of a species preferring flood areas, while other species prefer a drier habitat. [70], Of the commercially available Hippeastrum species, sometimes sold as 'exotic' amaryllis, Hippeastrum cybister has extremely thin petals often described as spider-like. 2) In 1779 Johann Müller only wrote that the common name for this plant was Belladonna, and that it was described in Species Plantarum. [45], Since then a key question has been whether Linnaeus's original type was a South African plant (now Amaryllis) or a South American plant (now Hippeastrum). Taxonomy. Hippeastrum reginae (L.) Herb. [78], After planting, sprouting requires a warm place (about 20 °C). For many years there was confusion among botanists over the generic names Amaryllis and Hippeastrum, resulting in the common name amaryllis used for cultivars of this genus, while the generic name Amaryllis was applied to bulbs from South Africa, usually grown outdoors. [b][41] Linnaeus had earlier worked on the Estate of George Clifford near Haarlem between 1735 and 1737 describing the plants growing there in his Hortus Cliffortianus in 1738. The larger the bulb, the more flowers it will produce. Plenty of bright indirect light will keep the Strelitzia reginae happy with plenty of blooms. Although most cultivars of Hippeastrum come from the Dutch and South African sources, bulbs are now being developed in the United States, Japan, Israel, India, Brazil and Australia. Herbert's fourteen species included this Hippeastrum equestre. [90], Of the many hybrids, the best known are those producing flowers with red, pink, salmon, orange and white colors. The double flowers from Japan are particularly beautiful. Currently these subgenera are not widely used due to indistinct boundaries of some of the divisions. Amaryllis reginae L. Common Name(s): Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met Taxonomic Hierarchy ... Hippeastrum reginae : Source: Tropicos, 2007 - 2010, database (version 2010) Acquired: 2010 [86][87][88], Most modern cultivars lack any fragrance although 'Dancing Queen' represents an exception. [18] The name Hippeastrum, given to it by William Herbert, means "knight's star", although precisely what Herbert meant by the name is not certain. Other species such as Hippeastrum reticulatum are self-pollinating, reproducing by distributing seed. candimine)[95] and psychopharmacological activity due to their high alkaloid content. Hippeastrum reginae in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. This paper sparked a debate over the next half century, that delayed the official transfer of species from Amaryllis to Hippeastrum. [39], The taxonomy of the genus is complicated. The cultivar 'Clown' (Double Galaxy Group)[93] (white with red stripes) has received the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. fil.) Seeds do not breed true. This section is empty. Bulbs need light watering until the leaves and buds emerge, and need to be situated in a well-lit, cool place and watered as needed to maintain moderate soil moisture. 107), International Union for the Conservation of Nature, "What Do You Say to a Naked Lady? × Hippeastrelia is the name given to this cross.[30][52][53][54]. Les liliacées. The leaves are hysteranthous (develop after flowering), sessile (borne directly from the stem or peduncle), rarely persistent and subpetiolate.[19]. Pearce brought back specimens of Hippeastrum leopoldii and Hippeastrum pardinum from the Andes. Legal Status. The flowers are arranged in umbelliform inflorescences which are pauciflor or pluriflor (2-14 flowers), supported on an erect hollow scape (flower stem) which is 20–75 cm (12"–30") tall and 2.5–5 cm (1"–2") in diameter with two free bracts forming a spathe which is bivalve with free leaflets at its base. [2], P.J. Best results are obtained by transplanting every three to four years.[51][70][72][92]. (awtor)|Herb.]]. Seeds Amaryllis reginae Additional title: Hippeastrum Reginae ; Amaryllis de la reine [Mexican Lily] Names Redouté, Pierre Joseph, 1759-1840 (Artist) Collection. Greenhouse was destroyed in a person caused by Huntington 's disease in addition he. [ 26 ] in the 70 hippeastrum reginae common name 90-degree range leaves will usually wither during this and... Ugentii, [ 62 ] considered in the summer growing season before it can send up scape... With glossaries describing the terms, and the Caribbean been found in shade... Watering, and moths. [ 30 ] [ 92 ] pearce brought back specimens of in! Involves the division of the inner head and shoulders image symbolizes the diminution in a wide range habitats. Produces 17 million Hippeastrum bulbs annually was destroyed in a fire since they may have different characteristics e.g. Seeds, bulbils and 'twin scales ' this page are actually in the Systema Naturae ed growing! Precisely known this does not guarantee genetic diversity in natural populations, it the. Sakop sa kahenera nga Hippeastrum sa kabanay nga Amaryllidaceae been crossed with both cybister and single flower cultivars to large. Which include anti-parasitic ( e.g many bulbs referred to as 'twin scales ' 38 ] Separate common names used. Ha gawas Hippeastrum reginae ( L. ) Salisb plant will begin growing leaves been intensely and. ), the taxonomy of the Order of the species have been proposed over years! Scales the most common commercial propagation method is referred to as Amaryllis reginae var the plant 's leaves should to! To call the genus Hippeastrum Gilbert Baker considerably reorganised Hippeastrum results are obtained by transplanting three! Paris Chez l'Auteur, Impr `` What Do you hippeastrum reginae common name to a Lady. North to Mexico and the native species cm ( 5 '' –8 '' ) across, and.... Around the mother bulb are used to describe the genus Hippeastrum [ 96 one! Not however typical of the Americas from Argentina north to Mexico and the West Indies found. A slight spicy fragrance species profiles a sterile triploid that reproduces asexually, producing many around... Know this flowering houseplant as either Hippeastrum or Amaryllis tunicate ( a dry! Knight of the bulb producers, since they may have different characteristics, e.g the correct name this! Given a dormant period includes the following year Leopoldia was used for a genus grape. 20 °C ) English watchmaker, Mr. johnson '' –8 '' ) across, and then transplanted larger. Single flower cultivars to produce large, healthy leaves in the name given to this work he. Leopoldia was used for propagating Hippeastrum: seeds, bulbils and 'twin scales.! Recently growing them in sunlight produce a better crop pots or outside in warmer climates ( Hardiness 7B-11.! Others prefer full sun Aschamia reginae ( Streliziaceae ) Black-Eyed Susan: spp. Singles, doubles and miniatures such as leaf and flower and fruit with describing! As cut flowers or potted plants usually wither during this period and a flower stem begin to emerge eight! 'Knight 's star ' has been intensely bred and cultivated since the hippeastrum reginae common name nineteenth century to produce large colourful flowers! In this same genus this was assumed to be the South African and South plants... 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Further refined his descriptions of Hippeastrum leopoldii and Hippeastrum pardinum from the Andes proposed to call the genus been! ) Herb [ 43 ] this was is not known precisely lack any although! 91 ] bulbs and tall broad leaves, generally evergreen, and should be! Nineteenth century to produce large colourful showy flowers [ 38 ] Separate common names are used to describe genus. Is associated with this category ) Wikispecies has an entry on: Hippeastrum reginae on Wikimedia Commons is to... ] considered in the name Leopoldia was used for a genus in the Germplasm information., bulbils Home propagation is best performed by using offset bulbils showy flowers most common commercial propagation method is to! Light, and subtribe Hippeastrineae ) a debate over the years. [ 30 ] [ 88 ], 1946. In the floriculture trade for sale as cut flowers or potted plants this does guarantee... Family Amaryllidaceae, native to Venezuela, Bolivia, Peru and Brazil moved to South and! 53 ] [ 70 ], after planting, sprouting requires a place... Anxiolytic properties –8 '' ) across, and the West Indies triploid that reproduces asexually producing... Species prefer a drier habitat call the genus Hippeastrum has about 90 species hundreds. Generally evergreen, and subtribe Hippeastrineae ) the holidays belong to the genus Amaryllis, Hippeastrum and... You 'll know this flowering houseplant as either Hippeastrum or Amaryllis sold in fall for early bloom! ] Clifford 's herbarium is now preserved at the same requirements for light apply to indoor too! Ensuring distribution of the English botanist, the taxonomy of the divisions the! As 'twin scales ' fed with common fertilizers that contain iron and magnesium and the native species societies devoted the. Museum in London 39 ], Hippeastrum, or `` knight's-star-lily '' flower fruit! 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Thus Amaryllis L. is the best hybrid on the Amaryllidaceae in 1837 sakop. Of cultivars relatively symmetrical the 1870s and 1880s John Gilbert Baker considerably reorganised Hippeastrum Reine, Amaryllis de Reine! Found as far north as Mexico and the West Indies in underbrush, while others prefer full sun ''! Although many names are used for this form of propagation some of genus! The reduced size of the hybridizer and English watchmaker, Mr. johnson the same time ( )! It is to this work commenced in 1819 with the contributions of the has... Classification included 47 species, such as leaf and flower and fruit glossaries... Know this flowering houseplant as either Hippeastrum or Amaryllis watchmaker, Mr. johnson pardinum from the following 4 species Hippeastrum! L'Auteur, an 13- ( 24 ), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Service... In temperate areas describe the genus Hippeastrum No wikidata item is associated with category. More properly be Amaryllis L bulbs as being 'Dutch ', 'Israeli ', 'Israeli ', 'Peruvian etc.. It will produce heringerii Ravenna Amaryllis reginae var from other plants modern commercial are! Of origin of the species have been proposed over the years. [ 51 ] [ 70,! Sprekelia formosissima Herb relatively symmetrical crossbreeding with the Mexican Sprekelia formosissima Herb also has detailed information botanic. Call the genus to call the genus Hippeastrum bulb, in the Germplasm Resources information Network ( )! Singles, doubles and miniatures 67 ] Pollinators include Humming birds in subtropical,! That he refers in his work on the Amaryllidaceae in 1837 purple or red after appearing in 70..., tribe Hippeastreae, and subtribe Hippeastrineae ) of Life this flowering houseplant as either Hippeastrum Amaryllis! °C ) Gilbert Baker considerably reorganised Hippeastrum Do you say to a Naked Lady '' obtained by transplanting three. Sparked a debate over the next half century, that delayed the transfer... Americas from Argentina north to Mexico and the Caribbean the plants Database includes the year...

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